— Resources —

Brian Kuehmichel
July 28, 2003, Updated Dec. 2010

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+/- Table of Contents


Authenticity of Old Testament Scripture

Canon of Old Testament


ancientJesustory.about.com/library/bl/bl_canons.htm &

www.probe.org/docs/xn-canon.html &


For good Old Testament overview


Overview of the authenticity of the Holy Scriptures






Manuscripts from Qumran Caves 1-10 (Also know as Dead Sea Scrolls)



Authenticity of New Testament Scripture

Pictures of old Manuscripts

www.textmanuscripts.com/ &




Overview of types of New Testament Manuscripts



biblefacts.org/history/oldtext.html  lists quantities of various types of extant manuscripts

www.kulikovskyonline.net/hermeneutics/body.htm  with extensive lists of manuscripts and links

Duke University list of Manuscripts:

Greek - scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/codex/

Latin - scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/pathfinders/religious/hours.html

www.kenscustom.com/bible/authen.html & www.bible.ca/eo/ca/ca_04.htm & www.bible.ca/eo/ca/ca_05.htm & www.bible.ca/eo/ca/ca_06.htm & www.bible.ca/eo/ca/ca_07.htm & www.bible.ca/eo/ca/ca_08.htm (Also see parts 1-3 at: www.bible.ca/eo/ca/ca_01.htm)



Exhaustive manuscript evidence for omissions/changes by modern translations:





Early textual practices - See sections numbered:

2. Christianity and Late Antiquity. - http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/cultures.bib.html#housman

6. Scholarship and Textual Criticism. - http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/cultures.bib.html#housman  


The Canon of the New Testament by F. F. Bruce. See: Chapter 3 in "The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable?" (5th edition; Leicester: Intervarsity Press, 1959) http://www.worldinvisible.com/library/ffbruce/ntdocrli/ntdocont.htm

"Perhaps we can appreciate how wealthy the New Testament is in manuscript attestation if we compare the textual material for other ancient historical works. For Caesar's Gallic War (composed between 58 and 50 B.C.) there are several extant MSS, but only nine or ten are good, and the oldest is some 900 years later than Caesar's day. Of the 142 books of the Roman history of Livy (59 B.C. — A.D. 17), only 35 survive; these are known to us from not more than 20 MSS of any consequence, only one of which, and that containing fragments of Books III-VI, is as old as the fourth century. Of the 14 books of the Histories of Tacitus (c. A.D. 100) only four and a half survive; of the 16 books of his Annals, 10 survive in full and two in part. The text of these extant portions of his two great historical works depends entirely on two MSS, one of the ninth century and one of the eleventh." See: thenoblesearch.org/download/evdnc1.pdf page 8

"The extant MSS of his minor works (Dialogus de Oratoribus, Agricola, Germania) all descend from a codex of the tenth century. The History of Thucydides (c. 460 - 400 B.C.) is known to us from eight MSS, the earliest belonging to c. A.D. 900, and a few papyrus scraps, belonging to about the beginning of the Christian era. The same is true of the history of Herodotus. Yet no classical scholar would listen to an argument that the authenticity of Herodotus or Thucydides is in doubt."  F. F. Bruce in The New Testament Documents  Return

Biblical Canons (list of research articles)


Early and later Authors Quoting from early Canon or copies

ancienthistory.about.com/cs/patrology/ & www.iclnet.org/


The wide variety of evidence documenting the authenticity of the Holy Scriptures is profound.

Boyd, Robert T. (1969), A Pictorial Guide to Biblical Archaeology (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker).

Findlay, A.F. (1906), "Gospels(Apocryphal)," A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels, ed. James Hastings (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark), Vol. I.

Geikie, Cunningham (n.d.), Hours with the Bible (New York: Hurst), Vol. I.

McGarvey, J.W. (n.d.), Sermons (Cincinnati, OH: Standard).

Manchester, William (1978), "American Caesar" Douglas McArthur, 1880-1964 (Boston: Little, Brown).

Mitchell, T.C. (1988), The Bible in the British Museum (London: British Museum).

Plummer, Alfred (1896), The Gospel According to Luke (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Smick, Elmer B. (1988), Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, ed. Walter Elwell (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker), Vol. I.


See "Shattering the Christ-Myth" for other arguments regarding authenticity of Jesus:



Christian Evidences, Part 1 www.grmi.org/renewal/Richard_Riss/evidences/

Christian Evidences, Part 2 www.grmi.org/renewal/Richard_Riss/evidences2/

100 Scriptural Proofs That Jesus Christ Will Save All Mankind by Thomas Whittemore, 1840 www.tentmaker.org/books/ScripturalProofs.html

Quotations by early church fathers: thenoblesearch.org/download/evdnc1.pdf, page 6.

Writer Date of Death Number of Quotes
Justin Martyr   ca 165     268
Irenaeus   ca 202  1,038
Clement of Alexandria   ca 215  1,017
Origen   ca 254  9,231
Tertullian   ca 220  3,822
Hipploytus   ca 235     734
Eusebius   ca 339  3,258

Other Resources


Defeating Darwinism, Phillip E. Johnson

Darwin On Trial, Phillip E. Johnson

Darwin's Black Box, Michael Behe

Intelligent Design, William A. Dembski

The Design Revolution: Answering The Toughest Questions About Intelligent Design, William A. Dembski

Icons of Evolution, Jonathan Wells

Godless (chapters 8-11), Ann Coulter

The Right Questions: Truth, Meaning, and Public Debate, Phillip E. Johnson

Summer For The Gods [Scopes Trial], Edward Johnson

The Language of God, Francis S. Collins

Grand Canyon: A Different View, Tom Vail

The Wonder of It All: The Creation Account According to the Book of Job, New Leaf Press


Unlocking the Mystery of Life, Illustra Media

Darwin's Deadly Legacy, Coral Ridge Ministries (Dr. D. James Kennedy)

Evolution: The Root of the Problem, Coral Ridge Ministries (Dr. D. James Kennedy)

Answers ...with Ken Ham (12 part series on 3 DVDs), From Frog to a Prince, The Image of God, AnswersInGenesis.org


Truth In Action.org [formerly Coral Ridge Ministries (Dr. D. James Kennedy)]

Discovery Institute

Phillip Johnson's website

William Dembski's website

Answers in Genesis - Ken Ham

Creation Ministries International

Institute for Creation Research

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